In an era marked by an unprecedented surge in media consumption, media literacy has surfaced as a critical skill, especially when it comes to the complex and often emotionally charged realm of body image.
The proliferation of digital platforms, social media and online advertising has intensified the pressure on individuals to conform to beauty standards. Media literacy becomes a lifeline, offering individuals the means to navigate this turbulent space of imagery and information. It empowers them to discern between authentic representations of diverse bodies and the distorted ideals perpetuated by the media. Just open Instagram or TikTok and you’re bombarded with extremes focused on the “perfect” body, the “body positivity” movement and the full spectrum of disordered body opinion.
None of this is healthy or helpful. I am not trying to diminish online communities but the harm is greater than the reward.
Body-image concerns have soared with the constant exposure to digitally altered and idealized portrayals of beauty. As Jennifer Harriger and her research team demonstrated, preschool girls aged 3-5 “are emotionally invested in the thin ideal” and are more drawn to those who are thin. Media literacy becomes a critical tool in dismantling the harmful impact of such imagery and thoughts. It equips individuals with the discernment to critically evaluate the images and messages they encounter daily, identify harmful beauty ideals and resist the pressure to conform.
Media literacy is not just about recognizing Photoshop or Facetune manipulation; it’s about fostering a culture in which individuals can celebrate their unique beauty and embrace diverse representations of bodies. By integrating media literacy education into curricula and promoting it in the broader media landscape, we address the pressing need to empower individuals to navigate the complex terrain of body image in the digital age.
The pressing need for improved media literacy in Canada calls for a multi-pronged approach.
Educational institutions must integrate comprehensive media literacy programs into curricula from an early age right through to university, where future marketers are being trained. By equipping students with critical thinking skills to deconstruct media messages, institutions lay the foundation for a generation that can navigate the intricate web of information with discernment.
Health-care organizations and regulatory bodies should collaborate with media outlets to establish guidelines for responsible health reporting. By holding the media accountable for accurate, evidence-based health information, Canadians can be better shielded from misleading narratives that compromise their well-being.
To cultivate body positivity, media industries themselves should diversify their portrayal of beauty standards and commit to featuring authentic representations across all platforms. Moreover, initiatives aimed at promoting self-esteem and positive body image should be widely distributed, with media platforms partnering to amplify these messages. Equally crucial is fostering digital literacy among parents, caregivers and adults, enabling them to guide young individuals in consuming media content mindfully.
Ultimately, government policies should support media literacy initiatives and ensure they are accessible to all segments of society, thereby creating a more informed and empowered citizenry. The Public Health Agency of Canada found that nearly one-third of adolescents reported high psychological symptoms and 14 per cent reported high emotional problems due to problematic social media usage. I don’t believe this is limited to youth, but it clearly demonstrates the need.
Mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders stemming from distorted body-image perceptions constitute a substantial public health burden.
By collaboratively addressing the challenge of media influence, Canadians can collectively shape a society that is not just media literate, but also health-conscious and body-positive.
It is crucial to emphasize that media literacy should be considered a facet of the broader Canadian public health landscape. While some may argue that personal body-image concerns do not equate to immediate health crises like infectious diseases or environmental hazards, they often underestimate the long-term repercussions of media-induced body dissatisfaction. Mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and eating disorders stemming from distorted body-image perceptions constitute a substantial public health burden, impacting countless individuals. Beyond individual suffering, the economic toll on health-care systems is substantial. Recognizing media literacy as a public health issue underscores its role in mitigating these challenges.
By equipping individuals with media literacy skills, we empower them to navigate the media landscape effectively, reducing the negative effects on body image and, by extension, lessening the strain on mental health resources and overall public health services. In this context, media literacy emerges as a preventative measure that not only enhances individual mental well-being but also contributes to a healthier society at large. Thus, the classification of media’s influence on body image as a public health issue acknowledges its intricate connection to public health and the necessity of addressing it proactively.
The commercial Cost of Beauty: A Dove Film, produced as part of the Dove Self-Esteem Project, is the perfect illustration of the problem. The video offers a powerful and thought-provoking exploration of the profound impact of media on individuals’ self-esteem and body image. Following Mary’s journey is a strong example of the harm that is being done. The video poignantly underscores the need for media literacy as an essential tool to empower individuals to critically analyze and challenge these unrealistic portrayals.
By equipping people with the skills to discern between authentic representations and digitally altered images, media literacy can help mitigate the adverse effects of media’s influence on self-esteem and body image. In a world where media plays an increasingly pervasive role in our lives, this video serves as a rallying cry for the integration of media literacy education into curricula and community programs, ultimately fostering a society that values self-esteem and embraces diverse definitions of beauty.